The Ribbon of Bonfim – Souvenir of Salvador

The Fita do Bonfim (Ribbon of Bonfim) which is also known as the fitinha do Bonfim (little ribbon…) is a typical souvenir and amulet from Salvador, Bahia.

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History

The original ribbon was created in 1809, having disappeared by the beginning of the 1950′s. Originally known as the ‘medida do Bonfim’ (measure of Bonfim), its name is owed to the fact that the exact measurements of 47 cm long, the length of the right arm of the statue of Jesus Christ, ‘Senhor do Bonfim’, situated on the high-altar of Bahia’s most famous church. The image was sculpted in Setúbal, in Portugal in the 23rd century. The ‘medida’ was made of silk, with the design and the name of the embroidered saint and complimented with golden or silver tint. It was worn around the neck like a necklace, where saints and medallions were hung, working as a type of currency: upon making good on a promise, the faithful carried a photo or a small sculpture of beeswax representing the part of the body which was cured with the help of the saint. As a souvenir, these ribbons would be acquired, symbolizing the church itself.

No one knows when the transition occurred from the old style ribbon to the new one (worn around the wrist), although the new ribbon was popularized by the street vendors of Salvador around the 1960′s, when it was also adopted by the Bahian hippies as part of their style of dressing.

Colors

Sold in diverse colors, the Fita do Senhor do Bonfim possesses a side that few actually know: each color symbolizes an Orixá (or deity of the Yoruba religion). Dark green is for the deity Oxossi, light blue for Iemanjá, yellow for Oxum…Whichever the color, the ribbon holds a symbolic, aesthetic and spiritual representation typical of the Afro-Brazilian culture. Practically speaking, the colors represent various positive words (such as blue for prosperity).

Usage

The famous fitas have been used by Brazilian designers locally and nationally in many different ways. Aside from their fashion statement, the user must have three knots tied and if the ribbon falls off naturally, the wishes will be granted. According to Travelvice.com

“Multiple chances for a miracle, or chances for multiple miracles, are obtained as the wearer makes a wish each time one of three knots are tied to secure the fita around the wrist.

No wish will be granted unless the cloth is permitted to wear until it disintegrates naturally, and falls from the wrist of its accord. If you remove or cut the ribbon yourself the wishes will not—never?—come true and invites bad luck and misfortune upon you.

If you plan to stay the course and leave the ribbon on, it’s a serious commitment. The typical fita is rumored to fall off after a handful of months, but I’ve read stories of ribbons staying intact for anywhere from six months to two years after they were tied!

There was one Internet source found that said you must never purchase your own ribbons, but only accept them as gifts. Additionally, some sites mention a third party should tie the knots for you, as you make your wishes.”

My personal favorite use of the fita motif is on the canga…

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9 thoughts on “The Ribbon of Bonfim – Souvenir of Salvador

  1. I have about 15 of these beauties tied to my motorcycle. And you can bet your ribbons that I prayed for safety after each knot. In the land of all saints, one can never have too much luck,

  2. It might sound funny or even weird for most of people, but people here in Salvador, really believe in the fitinhas do Senhor do Bonfim! :)

    I think it’s cool, I’ve already got used to them! It’s weird not to have one around my wrist!

  3. Pingback: O QUE É ISSO ? » Blog Archive » A fitinha do Bonfim - Souvenir de Salvador

  4. Does any one know if you actually need these bought for you?
    i recently bought one and was planning to keep it for myself.
    Any help??
    Thanks!

    • Hi Steffany,

      I’m assuming you mean for the wishes to work…then you can buy it for yourself, no problem. I’ve never heard/read anything about having it bought for you in order for it to work.

      Cheers

  5. I wanted to know about the thing each colour represents.

    And yes, I heard it must be a GIFT/PRESENT, you cannot buy for yourself for it to work.

  6. I got something similar, but it was in email form, which most people call ‘chain letters/email’, funnily enough, they don’t work either!!

  7. My mother-in-law put one on my left wrist when I arrived in Brazil in Feb 2012 and I made the three wishes as you do. The thing held on for well over a year and then only fell off the first day I arrived back in London a few weeks ago. Bit spooky!

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